The Meaning of Party

Difficult to lead
Three main parts are: the party in the electorate, the party as an organization, and the party in government
Tasks of Political Parties
-Serve as linkage institutions that translate inputs from public into outputs from policymakers
-Pick/nominate candidates
-Run campaigns
-Give cues to voters (party affiliation)
-Articulate policies
-Coordinate policymaking
Rational-Choice theory
Parties and political actors have pragmatic goals (such as winning elections) that are more important to the party than ideology
Democrats and Repulicans
Not much difference between them; but given nature of political market they have little choice.
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