The persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information.
Memory Loss
Not being able to remember something. Ex. Short-term memory loss, long-term memory loss, amnesia, etc.
Memory Feats
At the other extreme, there are people who can remember an almost infinite amount of information.
Our Memories
Our memory capacity is most apparent in our recall of unique and highly emotional moments in our past (Flashbulb Memories).
Studying the extremes of memory helps us learn more about how memory works.
Information Processing
Our information processing system requires that we get information to our brain, retain that information, and later get it back out.
Stage1: Sensory Memory
We first record to-be-remembered information as a fleeting sensory memory.
Stage 2: Short-Term Memory
Holds a few items briefly, before the information is stored or forgotten.
Stage 3: Long-Term Memory
The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.
Working Memory
Clarifies STM concept by focusing more on how we attend to, rehearse, and manipulate information in temporary storage.
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