Paul Broca
Speech production area in the frontal lobe
Roger Sperry
Surgery designed to treat epileptics by severing the corpus callosum; contributed greatly to understanding the lateralization of brain function
Alexander Luria
Studied the relation between language, thought, and cortical functions; his work resulted in creating the field of neuropsychology
Michael Gazzaniga
Split-brain research; understanding of functional lateralization in the brain; how the cerebral hemispheres communicate
Charles Darwin
natural selection, survival of the fittest
Carl Wernicke
Speech comprehension area in the temporal lobe
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