Trust vs. Mistrust
Trust in primary caregiver and in ones own ability to make things happen (secure attachment)
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
New physical skills lead to demand more choices. Child learns self-care skills such as toilet-training
Integrity vs. Despair
Person conducts a life review, integrates earlier stages and comes to terms with identity
Generativity vs. Stagnation
People rear children, focus on occupational achievement or creativity, and train the next generation
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Person develops intimate relationships beyond adolescent love
Identity vs. Role Confusion
A unified and consistent sense of self that integrates pubertal changes into a mature sexual identity; assumes adult social and occupational roles
Industry vs. Inferiority
Cultural skills and norms, including school skills and tool use
Initiative vs. Guilt
Ability to organize activities around some goal; more assertiveness and aggressiveness
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